Buying A House: 15 Common Defects
Buying a house is a big investment. You should know what you’re getting into.
When buying a house it is imperative that you investigate the condition of all the components of the house. This can save you a great deal of anguish and unforeseen costs. By having the property inspected by a certified home inspector, before signing on the dotted line, defects can be identified. You can then make an informed purchasing decision.
Buying a house; the most common defects to look for.
1) Rotted Wood
Continuous exposure to moisture causes wood to rot. Inspect wood in the kitchen and the bathroom: toilet seats, countertops, basin and sink units and flooring. Also check the exterior of the home: deck, eaves and verges.
2) Inadequate Ventilation
Without proper ventilation, moisture cannot evaporate. Over time this will become a problem. Proper ceiling space ventilation allows the sun’s heat to promote evaporation.
Condensation on the underside of metal roofs, as well as under-tile membranes, can damage the roof structure and ceilings. A home inspection will identify stains and signs of dripping moisture in the ceiling space.
3) Improper Maintenance of Appliances
Check if appliances and other equipment are regularly maintained, e.g. regular cleaning of ovens, stovetops, filters in the air–conditioning units and in extraction hoods.
4) Amateur Repairs
Amateurish (non-professional) repairs are most commonly found in plumbing and the electrical system. These generally do not comply with building regulations and represent a real danger, and may cause further serious damage in future.
5) Poor Drainage
Inadequate drainage around the exterior of a home leads to water intrusion in basements, garages and above damp proofing. This can compromise the foundation of a home and create mould problems.
6) Failing Heating & Cooling Systems
A failing or ageing heating and cooling system will likely require costly maintenance. These systems can potentially also emit toxic carbon monoxide fumes. As older systems are also considerably less efficient than modern ones they cost more to run.
7) Environmental Hazards
Because of less stringent building regulations in the past, older homes may contain lead-based paint, high levels of carbon monoxide, toxic mould or asbestos. To identify such problems professional testing is required.
8) Faulty Geyser Installations
Geysers need to be inspected carefully, as damage is most often not visible. A geyser can potentially represent the biggest danger in the home, as they can explode if not correctly installed. A home inspection is imperative to identify problems in this area. More than 40% of the homes I have inspected had faulty geyser installations.
9) Plumbing Problems
Pipes under the sink made of incompatible materials can lead to dripping taps, leaking fixtures and slow drains. The seller should address all plumbing problems before you buy.
10) Electrical Safety Issues
Dated or insufficient electrical systems can cause breaker tripping or fire. Ungrounded plug outlets and faulty earth leakage circuit breakers are safety hazards and can result in injury or death.
In my experience as a home inspector, I have regularly found faulty wiring in electrical panels and other areas of the home. In addition, I have found that that electrical Certificates of Compliance do not necessarily guarantee an absence of problems.
11) Controlling Water
Water intrusion can be one of the most destructive and expensive problems. Therefore, check for well-maintained gutters, downspouts, and proper grading around the foundation to direct water away from the home.
12) Loose or Missing Hand Rails
Over time, railings (inside and outside of the home) can become loose or break. This is a serious safety hazard. All railings need to comply with building regulations.
13) Roof Problems
Before buying a house inquire if there have been any roof leaks. Furthermore, insist that the seller guarantees that there are no roof leaks.
Roofing can contain old or damaged materials or improper flashing. Roofing problems can cause major and expensive problems to your home.
14) Storm Damage
Damage from storms, strong wind, tornadoes or flooding has long-term effects on a home. Thoroughly inspect the roofing, exterior walls and railings for wind and water damage before buying a house. Also, check for defective (post-storm) repairs. Inspect the internal walls and ceiling for water intrusion. This can potentially lead to mould, with its resulting health problems.
15) Damp and Mould
Surprisingly, most homeowners on the Highveld believe that it is too dry for mould to be a problem. This is a fallacy, especially in older homes.
Mould requires moisture and warmth to grow and is often found in damp, warm areas. It can enter a home through windows, vents, doorways and air-conditioning systems.
Mould can have serious health effects. Mycotoxins are the chemical toxins found on the surface of the mould spore which can be inhaled, touched or ingested. It can cause a suppression of the immune system and even cancer.
The most common places you may find mould is in the bathroom and kitchen, especially around leaking taps and under sinks. Mould grows behind appliances such as the dishwasher, fridge and clothes dryer. If there are or have been roof leaks you may find mould in the roof space. Foliage growing against the house can cause mould to grow outside and inside the home. Mould can also be found in other areas where condensation and humidity are high.