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Wildlife Control >
Think Through the Problem
People experiencing a problem caused by animals usually want an easy, quick solution and often ask
"Is there something I can spray to get rid of this pest?" It is never quite that easy. Preventing and controlling wildlife damage
requires a thought process and often includes using integrated pest management techniques. A successful wildlife damage program often
makes use of a combination of control options and usually begins with an accurate assessment of the damage and identification of the
desired outcome. Wildlife damage management is the opposite of managing property to attract wildlife. To manage for wildlife, you
must make sure that animals have sufficient food, water, and cover throughout the year. If you have unwanted animals around your home,
it is a sure bet that there is food, water and cover in the area. The solution is to remove at least one of these elements - and if
you can remove two, itís even better. Try this sequence in thinking through a wildlife damage problem:
- Identify the wildlife species
causing the problem. This is the most important step. Correctly identifying the species of wildlife causing damage may seem simple,
but it can be challenging under certain circumstances. Learn about the life history and habitat requirements for the wildlife species
that may be a potential problem in your area.
- Are there cultural techniques which you could use to modify the habitat and reduce
the chances of having a wild life damage problem? For instance, there may be certain plants which could be used in your home landscape
that might not be an attractive food source for deer. Would more frequent mowing or herbicide use reduce the amount of weedy cover
needed for a build up of rodent populations?
- Is there some way you can keep the animal causing damage from getting into the site?
you canít build them out, can you repel them from the area? Sometimes you can use chemical, home-made, visual or sound repellents
to solve and control a problem.
- If you canít put up an effective barrier or repel the animals from the problem site, the last step
may involve removing from the area the animals that are causing the damage. It may be necessary to trap, shoot, use gas cartridges
in dens, or use poison baits to control a wildlife damage problem. Of course, when considering these alternatives for controlling
most wildlife species you should check with a Conservation Agent or local animal damage control agent to get approval. Often these
persons will also provide some assistance.
- Remember that no entire species of wild animal is a nuisance or pest all the time. The
trick is to deal only with the animal(s) causing damage, not try to eradicate the entire population.
- A final consideration: Is it worth
the effort? It takes quite a bit of time and money to solve and control a wildlife damage problem. Can you tolerate some damage or
losses caused by wildlife? Remember the aesthetic benefits derived from viewing wildlife and the importance of managing habitats for
those wildlife species you wish to attract to your property. Ask yourself if the economic loss is greater than the control cost. If
it is, then it is worthwhile to develop and implement a wildlife damage control program.
Living With Wildlife
Wild animals contribute
to our enjoyment of nature and outdoor recreation, but they can also damage property, agriculture, and natural resources and threaten
human health and safety. Equipped with the right information and tools, most homeowners can solve their own problems and learn to
live with wildlife. For example, trimming trees and shrubbery are ways of changing a habitat to make it less attractive to unwanted
flocks of birds or even snakes. The following information may assist in keeping that curious cat or dog out of the garbage
can, that persistent hadida out of the garden, that hammerkop out of the backyard pool, that woodpecker off the your
trees, the doves off your roof and that swooping bat out of the roof space. Caution should always be taken to avoid overly aggressive
To keep these animals from becoming a permanent part of the family home and yard screen vents and fan openings,
keep doors and windows in good repair, seal eaves, replace rotten boards, cap the chimney, trim overhanging trees, remove bird
feeders or use rodent-proof feeders. Rodents can be deterred by removing nesting habitat, which includes logs, rock walls, and
Bats prefer to avoid human contact, however, they are known to establish roosts in roof spaces and abandoned
buildings. Building and roof space roosts can be eliminated by sealing entry and exit holes (after the bats have left) with
such materials as caulking, or wire mesh. If a bat makes its way into the house, you can usually encourage it to leave after
dark by turning on lights and opening windows and doors.
The best way to keep snakes out of your house and yard is to seal
cracks and openings around doors, windows, water pipes, roof spaces, and foundations. Removing logs, woodpiles, and high grass
and controlling insects and rodents are also helpful. Remove non-poisonous snakes from inside buildings by placing piles of damp burlap
bags in areas where snakes have been seen. After the snakes have curled up beneath the bags, remove the bags and snakes from the building.
To remove dangerous snakes, call a professional pest control company.
Pigeons, mynas and other birds
Noticing a couple of birds
on your lawn you may have though that it would be a good idea to feed them some left over bread crumbs, but before you know it the
few birds can become a few hundred and then they become a pest especially when they flock together on your roof leaving their
droppings all over the place. Most people donít realize how dangerous bird droppings can be.
Most bird droppings contain
uric acid that may cause damage to the paint finishes of your roof and car. In addition dangerous bacteria may also be found in the
droppings of pigeons. Although it is unsubstantiated, the bacteria may be harmful to humans under the correct circumstances. Some
birds are also known to carry ticks, fleas and mites. There are certain pest control methods that you may follow to
rid your home of the bird infestation that is plaguing your roof.
Stop feeding the birds once the food dries up
there is a good chance that the majority of the birds will leave and find a new place to perch.
Try feeding pigeons OvoControl
P pellets. This is a type of bird contraceptive causing the eggs not to hatch reducing the flock in a safe animal friendly manner.
a more extensive and direct approach you may use anti roosting spikes, these may be potentially harmful to the birds because
of the sharp spikes.
Remove any bird feeders that you may have placed in your garden to attract local birds these will only encourage
more pigeons to roost.
Use your garden hose to spray the pigeons on a regular basis this will constantly scare the birds
away the only downside to this method is that you will be wasting water. Try installing features that will move when the wind
blows. Features such as a scarecrow, or an old CD tied with a string to a branch. Install these features in the area where the birds
normally feed. Birds scare easily so any sudden movements will frighten them away.
Sprinkle generous amounts of spices in
areas that birds like to roost, spices such as cayenne pepper, cinnamon and pepper may deter pigeons.
There are professional exterminators
available that specialize in bird control. These professionals will be able to solve your pigeon troubles in a safe and effective
Even thought birds can be a pest, extermination methods must always be conducted in a humane manner. Guns and poison must
be avoided if possible.
Inspected once, Inspected Right!ģ
Wildlife Control & Removal Pretoria, Gauteng
Control Wildlife Damage Around the Home With Common Sense Control Methods
Whether you are a home gardener,
enjoy landscaping around your home or just own your own home, there are times when certain species of wildlife can become a nuisance
or a pest and cause damage to plants and even economic losses. Wildlife damage problems can occur throughout the year, but the autumn
and winter months are times when food supplies and cover may become more limited for many wildlife species, causing them to find your
home or landscape an attractive place to call home. Solving wildlife damage problems may seem out of your control, but most often,
you have more control over the problem than you think. It might not be easy - but if you think through the problem and put forth some
effort - you can often cut your losses and maybe even eliminate them. Many different species of wildlife can become a nuisance and
cause problems under certain conditions. Pigeons, Mynas, snakes and other rodents such as moles, house mice, and tree squirrels can
often cause problems. Other problem wildlife can include starlings, hadeda, sparrows, or the nuisance woodpecker damaging the wood
fascia on your home, just to name a few.
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